Man Pages

FPCLASSIFY


NAME
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
ATTRIBUTES
CONFORMING TO
NOTES
SEE ALSO
COLOPHON

NAME

fpclassify, isfinite, isnormal, isnan, isinf − floating-point classification macros

SYNOPSIS

#include <math.h>

int fpclassify(x);

int isfinite(x);

int isnormal(x);

int isnan(x);

int isinf(x);

Link with −lm.

Feature Test Macro Requirements for glibc (see feature_test_macros(7)):

fpclassify(), isfinite(), isnormal():

_XOPEN_SOURCE >= 600 || _ISOC99_SOURCE || _POSIX_C_SOURCE >= 200112L;
or cc -std=c99

isnan():

_BSD_SOURCE || _SVID_SOURCE || _XOPEN_SOURCE || _ISOC99_SOURCE || _POSIX_C_SOURCE >= 200112L;
or cc -std=c99

isinf():

_BSD_SOURCE || _SVID_SOURCE || _XOPEN_SOURCE >= 600 || _ISOC99_SOURCE || _POSIX_C_SOURCE >= 200112L;
or cc -std=c99

DESCRIPTION

Floating point numbers can have special values, such as infinite or NaN. With the macro fpclassify(x) you can find out what type x is. The macro takes any floating-point expression as argument. The result is one of the following values:

FP_NAN

x is "Not a Number".

FP_INFINITE

x is either positive infinity or negative infinity.

FP_ZERO

x is zero.

FP_SUBNORMAL

x is too small to be represented in normalized format.

FP_NORMAL

if nothing of the above is correct then it must be a normal floating-point number.

The other macros provide a short answer to some standard questions.

isfinite(x)

returns a nonzero value if

(fpclassify(x) != FP_NAN && fpclassify(x) != FP_INFINITE)

isnormal(x)

returns a nonzero value if (fpclassify(x) == FP_NORMAL)

isnan(x)

returns a nonzero value if (fpclassify(x) == FP_NAN)

isinf(x)

returns 1 if x is positive infinity, and −1 if x is negative infinity.

ATTRIBUTES

For an explanation of the terms used in this section, see attributes(7).

CONFORMING TO

POSIX.1-2001, POSIX.1-2008, C99.

For isinf(), the standards merely say that the return value is nonzero if and only if the argument has an infinite value.

NOTES

In glibc 2.01 and earlier, isinf() returns a nonzero value (actually: 1) if x is positive infinity or negative infinity. (This is all that C99 requires.)

SEE ALSO

finite(3), INFINITY(3), isgreater(3), signbit(3)

COLOPHON

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